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Volume 3
Volume 3, Issue 2
In This Issue
S&T Trends - Nuclear R&D Policy Trends in East Asia
A Valuation Method for Defense Technology: Procedures, Detailed Modules and Applacations
Jaeseok Lee, Jihyun Ahn

Technology valuation is an essential element in increasing efficiency in national R&D investment in terms of invigorating technology commercialization and transfer. Even if vigorous research activities had been conducted for developing a valid method of technology valuation in each technology category to date, there have been at most rare trials to develop an appropriate valuation method for public technology possessing intrinsic public benefit. Defense technology, a representative sector of public technology, provides unique value for the public by enhancing security and defense. This public benefit is as important as its economic value when estimating total technology value. Thus, developing a new method of valuating individual defense technology is required to prevent its underestimation. The main objective of this research is to develop an overall framework and detailed procedures to valuate defense technology in monetary terms through an exemplary case. We propose a DCF based method to calculate economic value for defense technology and a cumulative weighting approach to take the public benefit of defense technology into account when determining total valuation.

Triple Helix-based Institutional Analysis for Regional Innovation: Comparison of South Korea and Taiwan’s Science Parks
Sunyoung Yun, Joosung Lee

Since the global economic crisis in 2008, the necessity of reorganizing national and regional innovation systems has risen in macro perspectives. In particular, the regional innovation system is beneficial to understand the network among national economic constituents such as government and industries. Therefore, this paper examines the regional innovation system and its applications to Korea and Taiwan’s science parks. Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff (2000) suggested that in a knowledge-based economy, knowledge sharing and interaction among system participants are key sources of innovation. The Triple Helix model of university-industry-government helps to understand the regional knowledge creation, utilization, and technology transfer effectiveness (Etzkowitz et al., 2007). This research aims to diagnose the regional innovation institutions’ roles and relations and to define the characteristics of the Asian science parks’ innovation models. Therefore, we first quantitatively measured the two regional university-industry-government network density and structure of collaborative knowledge generation. Secondly, we qualitatively analyzed regional innovation participants' roles of knowledge, consensus, and innovation creation suggested by Triple Helix model. Finally, this result brings regional innovation policy through the comparison of Taiwan’s Hsinchu Science Park and South Korea’s Daedeok Innopolis. This study is meaningful in that it presents an analysis on regional innovation institutions as micro units of Triple Helix qualitatively and quantitatively. This case study also provides regional innovation policy implications for designing other developing countries’ regional innovation system.

University-Industry-Government Partnership in Taiwan: A Case Study of National Cheng Kung University
Tien-Chu Lin, Keh-Chin Chang, Kung-Ming Chung

Government plays a key role in university-industry collaboration. As a public university, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) is the most successful Taiwanese university in promoting university-industry collaboration. This case study shows that an interdisciplinary platform can effectively stimulate long-term collaborative relationships between research and development (R&D) teams and enterprise, and infusion of professional personnel can positively facilitate technology transfer and business incubation. Universities can use online platforms to display R&D results that have potential for commercialization and provide inspection and testing services to support the commercial activities of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Additionally, a service combining patenting, technology transfer, and business incubation should be implemented.

New Methodology of Regulation Policy for Market Dominant Enterprise in Telecommunication Industry
In-Seong Cho

In Korea, regulation on market dominant enterprise is being implemented through "the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act". Criteria for estimation of the dominant operators are estimated for a corporate market share of over 50%, 3 less than the sum of the carrier's market share greater than 75%. However, these uniform standards that specify the market dominant enterprise have disadvantages that do not reflect the market situation. For example, it is difficult to predict accurately whether the dominant company's market share rising or falling, where market share of the future will go. Most importantly, understanding of the interrelationships between businesses more than anything else on this important consideration is not well known. To overcome this limitation by applying the diffusion theory in the biology of the future, this study finds the equilibrium and use it to predict the future market trends. Dominant operators and other companies' market share will be described as each species by analogy. Rather than simply diffusion from one species could be considered competition between different species Lotka-Volterra model is used. So, we can decide the appropriate regulatory timing with considering the trend rather than mechanically applying based on 50% market share. This more realistically reflect the market situation and could lead to more fair market competition will be. To use Lotka-Volterra model, this study identify the necessary prerequisites and then apply at the high-speed Internet market. Also the effect of regulation is possible to measure by comparing between equilibrium point of regulation period and non-regulation period. The new methodology which is developed in this study could be used as secondary criteria to decide the market dominant enterprise in various industries.

The Participation of NGOs in Technology Policy: The Shaping of Feed-in Tariffs in Korea
Hong-Tak Lim

What difference is made by the participation of NGOs (non-governmental organisations, such as citizen movements, pressure groups) in government technology programs? We address this question by investigating the contributions NGOs have made to the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program in Korea. NGOs have argued for a substantial shift in energy practices. They advocate self-reliant lifestyles, on-site generation and use of energy, and more frugal consumption of energy. NGOs were engaged in the FIT process, and hoped to realize a distributed and self-reliant energy system. They did not, in fact, shape the operation of the FIT in a major way. However, they did play the role of green lead users in one respect through their participation. NGOs influenced the design of the FIT so that it supported small-scale Solar PV power generators. While the capacity of such generators is minimal, there might be the seeds here for a wider transformation of social convention in energy generation and consumptionbehavior. We conclude by drawing wider lessons for NGO participationin technology policy.

Book Reviews
"Platfroms, Markets and Innovation" by Annabelle Gawer (Eds.)
YoungJun Kim


"Econophysics and Companies Statistical Life and Death in Complex Business Networks" by Hideaki Aoyama, Yoshi Fujiwara, Hiroshi Iyetomi, Wataru Souma
Chulwoo Baek


Science and Technology Trends
Nuclear R&D Policy in East Asia-KOREA
Jung-Suk Hong, Young-Jun Lee, Young-Chul Lee


Nuclear R&D Policy in East Asia-CHINA
Jong Seon Kim