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Volume 2
Volume 2, Issue 1
In This Issue
S&T Trends - Government Research Institutes in Asia
Special Articles
Science Institutions and Grand Challenges of Society: A Scenario
Arie Rip


Innovation Policy and the Transition of Energy System
Chen Zhi, Jiang Aping

Energy systems are deeply embedded in the network of economy, institution and infrastructure. Consequently, a fundamental transition from the present hydrocarbon energy system to a low-carbon energy system will require radical innovation processes. In turn, innovation policy should take into account the systemic character of innovation. This paper provides a brief overview of the current energy system and market development. By using the approach of innovation system theory we analyze the dynamics of several emerging systems, and identify the key activities with main system failures. We will develop a more systemic innovation policy portfolio that aims to improve innovation performance through greater coordination.

R&D and the Challenge of Wealth Creation in Nigeria
W. O. Siyanbola, O. O. Isola, A. A. Egbetokun, C. M. Adelowo

In today’s increasingly knowledge-driven world, science and technology (S&T) are the inseparable twin keys to progress and industrial growth as against the resource endowment of the past. Apparently, without scientific knowledge and its application the economy of a nation or an organisation either remains stagnant or declines. Consequently, most countries of the world now devote an increasing proportion of their resources to S&T and associated research and development (R&D), in an attempt to build competitive advantage or to catch up with others who have already done so. This paper assesses the Nigerian situation in this regard. Drawing from recent research and first-hand observations, the paper discusses the relationship between R&D and wealth creation in Nigeria; and offers a recipe to enhance the relationship and overcome identified R&D challenges.

Future Technology and the Capability of Local Region for Green Innovation in Japan
Kuniko Urashima

The current Japanese cabinet announced new basic policy that called the “New Growth Strategy (NGS)” policy. NGS consists with two main concepts which is the “Green innovation (GI)” and the “Life Innovation (LI)". The basic idea of those strategy are involved three major matter “strong economy”, “robust public finances” and a “strong social security system”. The concept of GI is not only environmental issue but also strategy of enhancing of economic growth situation as well as 25% reduction of Green House Gases (GHG) by 2020. This strategy considered with our new life style in future that is including energy sector such as renewable, nuclear energy and transportation system, as well as residential sector matter such as fuel cell cogeneration, home energy management system etc. Since climate change is top priority of environmental issue, green innovation has been key of improvement and solving this cause. Also current concern in Japan is not only environmental and energy issue but also aging society, less number of children, etc that is relating our future life. Therefore it has been considering how should we make and develop it and how S&T contribute it. Many reports mentioned the low carbon society defined that the regional innovation system will be contribute reduction of CO2 emission and also chance to development of new business as well that S&T is important of issue. We have been considering it by policy studies such as Innovation 25, Cool Earth 50, and Delphi survey, Scenario development, and capability of local regions for green innovation. Backcasting methods of future prediction is now getting popular so that S&T is more important than passed years.

Book Reviews
"The Atlas of Ideas: How Asian Innovation can Benefit us" by Charles Leadbeater and James Wilsdon
Sam Youl Lee


Science and Technology Trends
Issues on Government Research Institutes in Asia-CHINA
Young-Ju Mo


Issues on Government Research Institutes in Asia-INDONESIA
Muhammad Samsuri


Issues on Government Research Institutes in Asia-KOREA
Chul-koo Min